What are sleeping tablets?
Sleeping tablets, sedative-hypnotic medications, or hypnotics are medications that treat insomnia and other sleep disorders. They work by relaxing the body and mind, making it stress-free to fall asleep and stay asleep for a more extended period of time. Some common types of sleeping tablets include benzodiazepines, nonbenzodiazepines, and melatonin agonists.
Benzodiazepines, such as lorazepam and diazepam, are a class of medications that act on the central nervous system to produce a calming effect. Nonbenzodiazepines, such as zolpidem and eszopiclone, are similar to benzodiazepines in their effects but work differently in the body. Melatonin agonists, such as ramelteon, work by mimicking the effects of the hormone melatonin, which helps regulate sleep-wake cycles.
Sleeping tablets are generally effective for short-term use in helping individuals who are experiencing difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep due to temporary stressors. Such as a change in work schedule or a recent move. However, you should not use these as a long-term solution for chronic insomnia or other sleep disorders; they should only be taken under the guidance of a healthcare provider.
How do sleeping tablets work?
Sleeping tablets work by acting on the central nervous system to produce a calming effect, which can help relax the body and mind and make it easier to fall asleep. The specific mechanism of action depends on the type of sleeping tablet in question.
Benzodiazepines, such as lorazepam and diazepam, work by increasing the activity of a neurotransmitter called GABA in the brain. GABA is a chemical messenger that helps inhibit the activity of certain nerve cells in the brain and promotes relaxation. When benzodiazepines bind to GABA receptors in the brain, they enhance the effects of GABA and produce a sedative effect, helping to induce sleep.
Nonbenzodiazepines, such as zolpidem and eszopiclone, work by activating a specific type of GABA receptor called the omega-1 receptor. Activation of the omega-1 receptor leads to an increase in the activity of GABA, resulting in a sedative effect.
Melatonin agonists, such as ramelteon, work by mimicking the effects of the hormone melatonin, which helps regulate sleep-wake cycles. Melatonin is produced by the pineal gland in the brain and is released in response to darkness, helping to promote sleep. Melatonin agonists bind to melatonin receptors in the brain and mimic the effects of naturally occurring melatonin, helping to regulate sleep-wake cycles and promote sleep.
Which conditions can sleeping tablets help treat?
Sleeping tablets primarily treat insomnia and other sleep disorders. Insomnia is a condition in which individuals experience difficulty falling asleep and staying asleep. A wide variety of factors, including stress, anxiety, depression, medical conditions, or certain medications, can cause insomnia.
Sleeping tablets can help individuals with insomnia fall asleep more quickly and stay asleep for longer. They may also be used to treat other sleep disorders, such as:
- Sleep apnea:A disorder in which people experience repeated episodes of interrupted breathing during sleep.
- Restless leg syndrome:A disorder in which people experience an urge to move their legs, often accompanied by uncomfortable sensations.
- Periodic limb movement disorder: A disorder in which people experience a repetitive movement of the legs or arms during sleep.
It's important to note that sleeping tablets should only be used under the guidance of a healthcare provider and are not a long-term solution for chronic insomnia or other sleep disorders. In many cases, lifestyle changes and other non-pharmacological treatments, such as good sleep hygiene practices and relaxation techniques, can effectively manage such conditions. However, if these approaches are insufficient, a healthcare provider may recommend using sleeping tablets as a short-term solution to help improve sleep.
What causes insomnia?
Insomnia is a common sleep disorder that tends to make it difficult for individuals to fall asleep, stay asleep, or at least get restful sleep. Many different factors can cause insomnia, including:
- Stress:Stress, anxiety, or depression can interfere with the ability to fall asleep or stay asleep.
- Poor sleep hygiene:Certain habits, such as going to bed irregularly, consuming caffeine or alcohol close to bedtime, or engaging in stimulating activities before bedtime, can disrupt sleep.
- Medical conditions:Certain medical conditions, such as chronic pain, asthma, or heartburn, can cause insomnia.
- Medications:Some medications, such as stimulants, antidepressants, and beta blockers, can interfere with sleep.
- Environmental factors:Noise, light, or an uncomfortable sleep environment can disrupt sleep.
- Ageing:As we age, we may experience changes in sleep patterns and may have more difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep.
- Shift work:Working irregular or overnight shifts can disrupt the body's natural sleep-wake cycle and contribute to insomnia.
A combination of factors can cause insomnia, and it may be necessary to address multiple factors in order to manage the condition effectively. If you are experiencing difficulty sleeping, it is crucial to speak with a healthcare provider to determine the cause and receive appropriate treatment.
What are the side effects of sleeping tablets?
Like all medications, sleeping tablets can cause side effects. The specific side effects depend on the type of medication and the individual that is taking the drug. Some common side effects of sleeping tablets include:
- Drowsiness or sedation:Many people experience drowsiness or sedation after taking sleeping tablets, which can interfere with activities that require alertness, such as driving or operating heavy machinery.
- Dizziness or lightheadedness:Some people may experience dizziness or lightheadedness after taking sleeping tablets, which can increase the risk of falls and injuries.
- Dry mouth:Some sleeping tablets can cause dry mouth, which can lead to discomfort and difficulty swallowing.
- Constipation:Some sleeping tablets may cause constipation, which can be uncomfortable and require treatment.
- Changes in appetite:Some people may experience changes in appetite after taking sleeping tablets, either an increase or a decrease.
- Changes in mood:Some people may experience changes in mood after taking sleeping tablets, including irritability, agitation, or confusion.
- Dependence:Long-term use of sleeping tablets may lead to physical dependence, which means that the body becomes accustomed to the presence of the medication and may experience withdrawal symptoms if the drug is stopped abruptly.
It's imperative to understand that these are just some of the potential side effects of sleeping tablets and that not everyone who takes these medications will experience them. If you are taking sleeping tablets and are concerned about possible side effects, it is essential to speak with a healthcare provider.
Where can I buy sleeping tablets?
In the United Kingdom, sleeping tablets are available only by prescription from a healthcare provider. This means you will need to see a doctor or other healthcare providers, such as a nurse practitioner or pharmacist, to obtain a prescription for sleeping tablets. The healthcare provider will then determine whether sleeping pills are appropriate for you and, if so, will prescribe a specific medication and dosage. Once you have a prescription, you can have it filled at a pharmacy or buy it online.
What Our Customers Say
Add A Review
Only Customers That Have Shopped at Our Online Pharmacy Can Comment – Submit Your Email ID So We Can Verify Your Order History.